UrbanScope Volume 12, July 2020

The Urban-Culture Research Center (UCRC) at Osaka City University (OCU) is proud to present the twelfth issue of UrbanScope, an online, open-access journal. As the name suggests, UrbanScope covers a broad spectrum of urban issues featuring contributions encompassing various perspectives within the humanities.


  • Developing and Evaluating a Scoring Rubric for Argumentative Essays: A Module-Based Approach

Special Topic

  • Introduction: Military Affairs and Modern Society in the Media: Journals, Advertising Design, Public Relations and Museums
  • Article 1. Prussian Military Reforms and the Berliner Landwehr in Local News during the Wars of Liberation, 1813-1815
  • Article 2. Civil Society and the Army from Family Magazines during the German Empire: Army Representation in the Family Magazine Die Gartenlaube and Daheim
  • Article 3. Public Relations Exercises of Firma Krupp in Japan at the End of the 19th Century: The Shooting test and Nichi-Doku-Kōgyō-Kōkoku
  • Article 4. Public Relations of the Japanese Navy in the Prewar Period: The Case of Boarding a Warship
  • Article 5. Museum as Propaganda: War Exhibitions in Britain during the First World War
  • Article 6. The Influence of Early 20th-Century German Advertising Design on the Modernization of Japanese Advertising from 1921 to 1922

Editorial Note

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