The Urban-Culture Research Center (UCRC) at Osaka City University (OCU) is proud to present the eighth issue of UrbanScope, an online, open-access journal. As the name suggests, UrbanScope covers a broad spectrum of urban issues featuring contributions encompassing various perspectives within the humanities.

Special Number
Article
The Development of Urban Medical Culture during the Transition From the Medieval to the Early Modern Era
Andrew Edmund GOBLE

Comments
Goble UrbanScope article; Dr. Umihara comments
Ryo UMIHARA

Goble UrbanScope article; Professor Niki comments
Comments – from the standpoint of urban history
Hiroshi NIKI

Editorial Note