The Urban-Culture Research Center (UCRC) at Osaka City University (OCU) is proud to present the fifth issue of UrbanScope, an online, open-access journal. As the name suggests, UrbanScope covers a broad spectrum of urban issues featuring contributions encompassing various perspectives within the humanities.

Translations
The Context behind Naoya Shiga’s “Rōjin”: Björnsen and Current Literature
Kumiko OKUNO

The District Supervisor Office Field System and Its Actual Operation: A Window on Ancient Japanese Regional Society
Tōru IWASHITA

Article
Compensation versus halo effects in competitive or cooperative social settings: Mediation effects of social comparison-based emotions
Naoya YADA, and Tomoko IKEGAMI

Editorial Note